Relatively rigid walls used for supporting soil laterally so that it can be retained at different levels on the two sides
Employed in pressuregrouting, embedding rebar in masonry walls, connecting sections of pre-cast concrete, filling voids, and sealing joints such as those between tiles.
Lagging consisting of wood, steel or precast concrete panels is inserted behind the front pile flanges as the excavation continues.
Used along with other retaining systems to provide additional stability to cantilevered retaining walls.
High-performance, high-capacity drilled deep foundation elements that can extend to depths of 200 feet and achieve working loads of over 200 tons.
Techniques used for reducing liquefaction hazards is to avoid large increases in pore water pressure during earthquake shaking.